A psychotic disorder is a kind of mental illness affecting a person’s personality to the point where they lose all sense of who they are. Psychotic disorder is characterized by episodes during which the sufferer suffers from extreme confusion about reality due to hallucinations and delusions derailing them. The extreme behaviors manifested by psychotic disorders often lead to sufferers referred to as schizophrenics.
What Are the Types of Psychotic Disorders?
No two people are the same and everyone has their own individual experience of mental illness. However, there are broad groups of conditions categorized as psychotic disorders including the following:
Schizophrenia: This is the most commonly diagnosed disorder and the delusions and hallucinations driving the condition are generally persistent, lasting longer than six months. People with schizophrenia often become unrecognizable to people around them as their performance and focus declines as the condition deepens.
Schizoaffective Disorder: Someone with schizoaffective disorder will share the same symptoms as schizophrenia, although symptoms may not last as long.
Brief Psychotic Disorder: Short bursts of extreme and possibly violent behavior characterize brief psychotic disorder, which people often develop in response to a traumatic or stressful situation.
Delusional Disorder: When a person has complete belief in what are actually delusions, they have this type of psychotic disorder. This condition usually persists for at least four weeks.
Substance-Induced Psychotic Disorder: Many people abusing drugs or alcohol are at risk of developing a psychotic disorder as a result. Symptoms include delusions, hallucinations and delirium tremens (DTs).
Who Can Get a Psychotic Disorder?
Around 1% of the American population suffers from a psychotic disorder, most commonly people in their late teens to early thirties. As with the majority of mental health conditions, the causes can be genetic and in some cases early treatment can be extremely successful when there is a known history in the family. Some people develop psychotic disorders as a result of experiencing a trauma or abusing substances and so no two cases are ever the same.
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