Basics on Antipsychotic Medications

Antipsychotic Medications

Basics on Antipsychotic Medications


People who are suffering from a psychotic mental illness are often prescribed antipsychotic medications. The word “psychosis” refers to mental health conditions that are characterized by delusions or hallucinations. A person with a type of psychosis is very likely to be completely disconnected from reality when experiencing a psychotic episode.

What are Antipsychotic Medications?

Antipsychotic medications work by restoring the brain’s chemistry to reduce symptoms of severe mental health conditions including the following:


  • Dementia
  • ADHD
  • Eating disorders
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, OCD
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD
  • Anxiety and Depression


The most commonly prescribed antipsychotic medications are:


  • Haloperidol
  • Perphenazine
  • Flupehazine
  • Chlorpromazine

How do People Respond to Antipsychotics?

When someone suffers with a mental health condition that leads to psychotic episodes, they can experience episodes that last for several days, even weeks. The theme of a person’s delusions varies according to their individual circumstances, but is commonly not at all based on reality. The type of delusion a person with psychosis has is usually something that is not possible in the real world such as being abducted by aliens.


The way a person responds to antipsychotic medications also depends on their individual situation. Some may find that their symptoms reduce over a period of a few weeks, whereas others may not notice any change for a few months. It is important to get full supervision from a physician to monitor use of medications carrying the risk of dependence such as antipsychotics.

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